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Service - Enclosure Ratings

IP Numbers Ratings

The scope of protection (degree of protection) of the enclosure housing is demonstrated using
standardized test methods. In the following, the scope of protection is referred to as the degree of protection of the housing. A designation system is used to classify different types of housing according to their degree of protection. The designation system consists of the code letters IP followed by two characteristic numerals. These characteristic numerals are determined using tables.

The first characteristic numeral indicates the level of protection against contact and foreign bodies, while the second indicates the protection provided by the housing to prevent the penetration of water. The following tables contain short descriptions and definitions of the individual characteristic numerals of the IP code

 

EP Dust proof, not protected from moisture or water
IP65 Dust proof, protected from splashes and low-pressure jets
IP66 Dust proof, protected from strong water jets
IP67 Dust proof, protected from temporary immersion in water 1 meter deep for 30 minutes
IP68 Dust proof, protected from continuous immersion in water under more severe conditions than IP67
IP69K Dust proof, protected from water during high pressure/steam cleaning (not submersible)

 

Meaning of the First Characteristic Numeral
The first characteristic numeral indicates the extent to which the housing prevents people from
accessing (touching) hazardous parts. This protection is provided by preventing or limiting a
body part or an object held by a person from penetrating into the housing. At the same time, the
housing protects equipment by preventing the penetration of solid foreign bodies.

First Numeral
Description
Definition
0
Non-protected
1
Protected against solid foreign
objects 50 mm diameter and larger
The object probe, sphere of 50 mm shall not fully penetrate
2
Protected against solid foreign
objects 12.5 mm diameter and
larger
The object probe, sphere of 12.5 mm shall not fully penetrate
3
Protected against solid foreign
objects 2.5 mm diameter and larger
The object probe, sphere of 2.5 mm shall not fully penetrate
4
Protected against solid foreign
objects 1.0 mm diameter and larger
The object probe, sphere of 1.0 mm shall not fully penetrate
5
Dust Protected Ingress of dust is not totally prevented, but dust shall not penetrate in a quantity to interfere with satisfactory operation of the apparatus or to impair safety
6
Dust-tight No ingress of dust

 

Meaning of the Second Characteristic Numeral
The second characteristic numeral indicates the degree of protection of the enclosure housing in terms of potential damage to the equipment caused by the penetration of water into the housing. A housing type should only be given the first characteristic numeral (protection against penetration) for a specific degree of protection if it also meets the requirements of all lower degrees of protection. This condition also applies to the second characteristic numeral (protection against water) up to degree of protection 6K. However, a housing type given the second characteristic numeral 7, 8 or 9K (protection against steam cleaning) is not viewed as protected against jet-water (characteristic numeral 5 or 6). This means that the housing does not have to meet the conditions of characteristic numerals 5 or 6. Only a housing type with a double designation meets the conditions for protection against both jet-water and submersion.

Second Numeral
Description
Definition
0
Non-protected
1
Protected against drips Vertically falling drops must not cause
damage.
2
Protected against drips if the
housing is bent at an angle of 15°
Vertically falling drops must not cause
damage if the housing is bent at an angle of 15° either side of the vertical.
3
Protected against spray-water Water that is sprayed at an angle of up to 60° either side of the vertical must not cause damage.
4
Protected against splash-water. Water that is splashed against the housing from every direction must not cause damage
4K
Protected against splash-water at increased pressure Water that is splashed against the housing from every direction at increased pressure must not cause damage (only applies to DIN 40050 Part 9 testing).
5
Protected against jet-water Water that is sprayed against the housing as a jet from every direction must not cause damage.
6
Protected against strong jet-water. Water that is sprayed against the housing as a strong jet from every direction must not cause damage
6K
Protected against strong jet-water at increased pressure Water that is sprayed against the housing as a jet from every direction at increased pressure must not cause damage (only applies to DIN 40050 Part 9 testing)
7
Protected against the effects of
temporary submersion in water
Water must not penetrate in a quantity, which causes damage if the housing is temporarily submerged in water under standard pressure and time conditions.
8
Protected against the effects of
permanent submersion in water
Water must not penetrate in a quantity, which causes damage if the housing is submerged under water continuously under conditions to be agreed between the manufacturer and user. However, the conditions must be more stringent that those of characteristic numeral 7.
9K
Protected against water during high pressure/ steam cleaning Water that is sprayed against the housing from every direction at very high pressure must not cause damage (only applies to DIN 40050 Part 9 testing).

 

 

NEMA TYPE 4
Watertight and Dusttight-Indoor and Outdoor - Type 4 enclosures are intended for use indoors or outdoors to protect the enclosed equipment against splashing water, seepage of water, failing or hose directed water, and severe external condensation. They are sleet-resistant but not sleet- (ice-) proof. They shall have conduit hubs or equivalent provision for watertight connection at the conduit entrance and mounting means external to the equipment cavity.

 

NEMA TYPE 4X
Watertight, Dusttight and Corrosion-Resistant - In door and Outdoor - Type 4X enclosures have the same provisions as Type 4 enclosures and, in addition, are corrosion-resistant.

 

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